Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied up knot at gunpoint in 2016

The variety of wedding by abduction, the tradition is straightforward: zero-in for a prospective groom, kidnap him and then make him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is absolutely absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar.

Might 25 ended up being supposed to be a unforgettable time for Julie, a 19-year-old woman in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district, 70 km north of this state money Patna. A beautician had checked out her for makeup products and Julie had been sparkling in her bridal attire.

Her home ended up being all decked up, the pandit (priest) ended up being here to chant mantra that is sacred Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, ended up being prepared, though under duress. But, simply once the marriage mantras had been over, the authorities arrived; looking for the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered a full situation to the impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the right time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless wished to save the groom however the bride and her household – backed with loved ones and villagers – set up a challenging battle, forcing the cops to beat a hasty retreat. The cops came back a full hour later on, angrier than before; as well as in greater number. They swung their batons with such ferocity so it left almost two dozen women and men, including Julie hurt.

Now, a later, with injuries all over her body, julie is still struggling to walk straight week. The Muzaffarpur senior superintendent of authorities Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat police section in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, keeping him accountable for excesses. Really the only good outcome for Julie into the entire drama ended up being that her husband who was simply reluctant to marry her initially began to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“we have actually accepted her as my partner. Whatever huge difference there clearly was between our families, it’ll conquer fleetingly. Time will heal every thing, ” he claims.


Feels like a uncommon option to get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what exactly is strange just isn’t the way where the couple strolled down the aisle, nevertheless the authorities action that then then followed. Interestingly, that is absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar whilst the state witnesses around 3,000 couples getting hitched when you look at the style that is same virtually every 12 months. Statistics comes down seriously to nine marriages that are such time.

Referred to as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is easy: zero-in on a prospective groom, kidnap him while making him tie the nuptial knot at gunpoint. Therefore the true figures have been growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It had been 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seems to have remained unabated in 2017 too. Based on numbers available aided by the authorities, Bihar currently has reported 830 kidnappings for wedding by March this current year. On the other hand, just eight situations of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar ended up being as soon as infamous for – were registered during this time period.

Obviously, abduction for wedding is nearly like a well established, appropriate trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in Asia Report, 2015 report – that will be the most up-to-date formal figure available at current – also confirms that while Bihar is far below other States with regards to abduction of guys below 18 years old, it appears at the very top in the united kingdom in terms of abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the quantity of abducted men from Bihar within the 18 to 30 age-group category ended up being 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone accounted for almost 17 percent of this nationwide figure in the category.

“The abduction of guys for wedding is a consequence that is direct of evils like dowry. It’s a rearguard action through the bride’s family members, which finds it self under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a typically patriarchal culture like Bihar, marriages are becoming a money-minting enterprise when it comes to kid’s moms and dads. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a significant resort that is dowry desperate measures like abducting an appropriate bridegroom with their child’s wedding, ” claims Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, a district infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry can be an inescapable marriage that is traditional through which the groom’s household demands enormous amounts of cash and products through the bride’s family members as a disorder for permitting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch males – usually young men- since it is easier than approaching kid’s families and cheaper than having to pay the conventional “dowry, ” that will be in lakhs plus a car.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of a main farming credit culture in Rampur, Navada advertised that very nearly 90 per cent marriages when you look at the village have now been solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. An excellent quantity of guys are kidnapped and hitched down during matriculation and intermediate examinations once they look at the assessment centers. In March, a boy that is 17-year-old kidnapped from Patna and hitched down up to a 15-year-old woman soon after he reached the town having a relative who had been showing up for matriculation assessment. The child, a course XII pupil, had been whisked away by four males on two bikes after smothering him unconscious by having a cloth that is chloroformed. By the time the child regained their sensory faculties, he had been inside a home with many individuals around, whom told him which he ended up being now hitched. Their garments too were turned into bridal attire.

Families frequently use buddies and relatives, and on occasion even employ expert crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, criminals assigned to kidnap Lalbabu that is 16-year-old for, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a small grouping of pupils, who had been aided by the target mongolian women for marriage while he arrived on the scene from a coaching Centre.

Lalbabu’s buddy Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to their accidents. A shocked Lalbabu ended up being abducted because of the crooks up to a temple in Jehanabad region where he had been forced to marry a girl that is 13-year-old beneath the shadow of a weapon. The wedding, nevertheless, dropped aside aided by the authorities murder that is registering resistant to the bride’s daddy and sibling.


Also safety personnel on their own are kidnapped by the crooks. When, the bodyguard of the Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, had been kidnapped as he had been published in Jamalpur. Nevertheless the kidnappers set him free after realising that they might ask a authorities backlash.

Once a child is kidnapped and taken up to a bride’s house, their future in-laws attempt to relax him straight down by putting a marriage headgear onto their head. The embroidered headgear, known as a Mauri, is a icon of their submissive acceptance. Numerous fight fiercely, but every kidnapped kid fundamentally relents under duress. In pretty much all such instances, the villagers stretch help into the girl’s household. The ceremony is videographed so the tapes can be utilized as proof later on.

In fact, also priests of town temples – where marriages are solemnised, like when you look at the full situation of Lalbabu – cooperate with all the woman’s family and issue a certification of marriage. Demonstrably, the approval from culture to such marriages has emboldened the families to make the legislation in their arms.

The training has theoretically been unlawful for a long time, nevertheless the legislation seldom is enforced. Brutal given that customized is, it really is commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people do not care it really is unlawful since there is a rather high possibility for reconciliation. The kid’s household frets and fumes following the marriage but simply to raise a dowry need. Guaranteed that the kid is currently theirs, your ex’s moms and dad are prepared to settle things by providing one-fourth regarding the typical dowry which they might have experienced to offer had the child perhaps maybe maybe not been married, ” stated Hetukar Jha a retired sociology professor at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is among the many such guys whom has place the past behind and accepted his spouse, with who he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv had been tricked to consult with Badhaiya in Lakhisarai region where he had been hitched under duress as he ended up being just 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who was simply just 12. Their own families permitted the 2 to accomplish their studies ahead of the two had been formally meant to live together. Today Rajiv is utilized as being a meter audience with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is college instructor at Nawada.

Rajiv’s younger brother Ashok (40 12 months), an attorney, had been hitched at the chronilogical age of 13 in a similar fashion with Annu of Pakribaswan village. The brother Dhannjay that is youngest ended up being additionally abducted and married to Sunita of Bighawa town in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates some type of computer equipment store.